It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster. Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and had a magnitude of 7.8 Ms In Hastings, the fires were quickly brought under control. When we reached the town we had to get our passes stamped by the Borough Council authorities before we were allowed to pass over the bridge leading to Napier. The earthquake of 13 February 1931 is widely regarded as an aftershock of the larger event ten days earlier. Favourite answer. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. 5 km depth and ca. There was the mammoth task of cleaning up. We sincerely thank the following businesses and organisations for their support. At least 256 people died in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake – 161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, and 2 in Wairoa. Aftershocks continued for several years, with the last major jolt shaking the Bay in April 1934. which plate subducted under the indo-australian plate? EXPRESSI[…], HAWKE’S BAY STEAM LAUNDRY LTD [LIMITED] Never-before seen footage of the 1931 Napier earthquake has been restored after nearly 90 years sitting in rusty tin cans. In Taradale, Mission Estate missionaries' accommodation block had been built and opened in February 1931. Marine Parade Napier before Earthquake, and after in 1937. People from Napier to Dannevirke ran for their lives as previously damaged buildings cracked and fell". Building regulations established as a result of this event mean that to this day, there are only four buildings in Hawke's Bay taller than five storeys, and as most of the region's rebuilding took place in the 1930s when Art Deco was fashionable, Hawke's Bay architecture is regarded today as being one of the finest collections of Art Deco in the world. No need to register, buy now! Before we reached Waipukurau we were able to see the full effects of the earthquake. Outside you will walk about 2km stopping frequently to hear about certain buildings that rose from the ashes of the fires after the earthquake and how the Art Deco has survived and thrived over the years. The taller trees with the sea further from the wall is of course the later picture but I haven’t perfected adding pictures yet. Almost 90 years on - the anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories. A view of Ahuriri Lagoon and the port of Napier before the earthquake. Original digital file. Two priests and seven students were killed when the stone chapel was destroyed. Street behind that is Thackeray Street The death toll might have been much higher had the Royal Navy ship HMS Veronica not been in port at the time. You start off first with a 20-minute film on what Napier was like before, during and after the earthquake that devastated the city. The wind at this point also picked up strength and began blowing from the east, pushing the fires back over the city. how long … [3] Thousands more were injured, with over 400 hospitalised. The remaining prisoners dug them out, but two had been killed. Stortford Lodge, Licence. how many people were killed? Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explo… This earthquake still stands as New Zealand’s worst (in the number of people killed, not the magnitude) followed closely by Christchurch 2011, which killed 185 but injured several thousand. View of old Napier, prior to 1931 earthquake Napier Technical College middle left of photo – came down in the earthquake, killing ten people, “J MAHON[..] [9][10], The government quickly realised that the Napier borough council would be overwhelmed with organising the rebuild and appointed two commissioners for this task, John Barton and Lachlan Bain Campbell. When did the napier earthquake occur? Only a few buildings in the central Napier area survived. The hotel was quickly engulfed in flames. [5], The earthquake is thought to have occurred on one of the larger thrust faults within the accretionary wedge, at between ca. Decisions had to be made about how to rebuild Napier and Hastings. [9] In Taupo, goods were thrown from shop shelves, but 'there was no damage of any moment'. Some withstood the earthquake only to be gutted by fire. On 13 February, Hawke's Bay was struck by a 7.3 Ms  aftershock. The crew from two cargo ships, the Northumberland and Taranaki, also joined the rescue works, while two cruisers, HMS Diomede and HMS Dunedin, were dispatched from Auckland that afternoon with food, tents, medicine, blankets, and a team of doctors and nurses. The local landscape changed dramatically, with the coastal areas around Napier being lifted by around two metres. Today, this area is the location of Hawkes Bay Airport, housing and industrial developments and farmland. Possibly taken from May Avenue area In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. By Wednesday morning, the main fires were out, but the ruins still smouldered for several days. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. This quizis helpful if you are studing NCEA level geography Take this quiz! Find the perfect napier new zealand earthquake stock photo. under water were the earthquake starts is called a hypocenter. Before the ships finally left Napier the Governor-General, Lord Bledisloe, and Lady Bledisloe went aboard them and personally thanked the officers and men for the splendid work that they had done. Roads and infrastructure had to be repaired. 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Port Ahuriri, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Napier Post Office, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Wairoa Post Office, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Collapsed Building (unidentified), 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Town Hall, Napier, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Baker and Pastrycook shop, Waipawa, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Dr Moore's Private Hospital, 1931 Hawkes Bay Earthquake - Port Ahuriri - HMS Veronica at Wharf, The exact number of deaths varies according to different sources; the. Nearly all buildings in the central areas of Napier and Hastings were levelled (The Dominion noted that "Napier as a town has been wiped off the map")[7] and the death toll included 161 people in Napier, 93 in Hastings, and two in Wairoa. The sailors joined survivors to fight the fires, rescue trapped people and help give them medical treatment. Cornelius. What was the magnitude on the ritcher scale? “Napier was a small city of 30,000, so the earthquake was devastating.” He puts this impressive feat down to the vision of the commissioners, and the follow-through of the architects. The small airline had been making three return trips a day between Hastings and Gisborne, carrying passengers and supplies. Napier's 1931 earthquake caused widespread devastation and left thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was safe to return. Commercial licensing. The Ahuriri Lagoon in Napier was raised drastically in the earthquake, changing the coastline significantly and leaving hundreds of fish and horse mussels exposed on dry land. It quoted the 1931 principal of Napier Girls' High School as saying "Napier today is a far lovelier city than it was before". A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. Comparison of the pre- and post-earthquake photos shows how much the coastline changed. The population of Napier is about 66,300 as of June 2020. A group of prisoners working at Bluff Hill in Napier had four of their number buried in a landslip by the quake. Many thousands more required medical treatment. Our usual opening hours are Monday to Friday, 10.30am to 4.30pm. What was it like before the Napier earthquake in 1931? Another casualty of the earthquake was the Napier trams. groveriw907-oldnapier-288.jpg. See more ideas about earthquake, napier, hawke's bay. Login. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). Local historian Michael Fowler points out that although the city is renown as an art deco mecca, the rebuild actually involved three styles: art deco, … Napier after the earthquake 1931. Please note we cannot verify the accuracy of any information posted by the community. What was one of the social effects? The local landscape changed dramatically, with the coastal areas around Napier being lifted by around two metres. Pumping water from Clive Square, they were able to stop the fires spreading south. These sites show how the landscape of the region has been forever altered. Trapped people had to be left to burn as people were unable to free them in time. The total population of the Napier-Hastings Urban Area is 132,560 people, which makes it the sixth-largest urban areain New Zealand, closely follow… The newspaper office was destroyed by the quake. Author Matthew Wright reported that "the power failed three seconds before the earthquake was felt in Napier. 1 Answer. Within four days of the quake, cinemas around New Zealand offered news specials about the disaster. [9] He added "Some inland parts of Hawke’s Bay felt this aftershock more strongly than 3 February quake. With water mains broken, the brigade was unable to save many buildings. About 18 kilometres (11 mi) south of Napier is the inland city of Hastings. These two neighbouring cities are often called "The Bay Cities" or "The Twin Cities" of New Zealand. ... i really like your blog it gave me heaps of information about the earthquake well done!!! The earthquake was followed by fires in the business areas of both Napier and Hastings that became uncontrollable as water pressure dwindled because of broken water mains. He added "Some inland parts of Hawke’s Bay felt this aftershock more strongly than 3 February quake. 20–25 km depth (which is the approximate depth of subducted Pacific plate at that location).[6]. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on 3 February, killing 256,[3] injuring thousands and devastating the Hawke's Bay region. In Wellington all but one of the clocks stopped working in the Dominion Observatory, and ceiling lights in the Evening Post offices swayed 'more vigorously' than they had the week before". Author Matthew Wright reported that "the power failed three seconds before the earthquake was felt in Napier. The prisoners re-assembled without any attempt to escape and were locked up in the Napier Jail. Description. In 1931, New Zealand’s deadliest earthquake devastated the cities of Napier and Hastings. Alan G. Hull (1990) Tectonics of the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 33:2, 309–320, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "Focal mechanisms of large earthquakes in the North Island of New Zealand: slip partitioning at an oblique active margin", "Tsunami – Hawke's Bay Emergency Management Group", "Bay quake highlights NZ's vulnerability", "Hawke's Bay Earthquakes 1931 « Wild Land", "Historic earthquakes – Rebuilding Napier", Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act 2010, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1931_Hawke%27s_Bay_earthquake&oldid=1001050295, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles needing additional references from February 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 00:57. Jean was happy when the old-time dances were back up and running – it was there that she’d first met a boy called Rodney, who was to become her husband a few years after the earthquake. View of old Napier, prior to 1931 earthquake In Havelock North, St Luke's church was damaged (but not destroyed) just before a wedding was due to take place. Starting from the morning when the quake hit, the following entries provide facts, personal memories and photos. The Hawke's Bay Herald offices in Hastings were also destroyed. İş Elbiseleri Kumaşları, Gabardin Kumaş, Alpaka Kumaş, Denim Kumaş In the North Island the displacement is mainly taken up along the Hikurangi Subduction Zone, although the remaining dextral strike-slip component of the relative plate motion is accommodated by the North Island Fault System (NIFS). Here in the Napier region of New Zealand, the landscape saw a significant change in the 1931 earthquake with the land rising up more than 7 feet. The grand total was 256 whilst the surrounding area looked like it had undergone attack by a military force. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). It seemed like the building might very well collapse, but it didn’t. On Tuesday morning, 3 February 1931, at 10.47 a.m., the ground in the Hawke’s Bay… This included Ahuriri Lagoon, which was lifted more than 2.7 metres[7] and resulted in draining 2230 hectares of the lagoon. GENERAL In Taupo, … At the time, this second event was New Zealand's fourth strongest recorded earthquake. The Veronica's radio was used to transmit news of the disaster to the outside world and to seek assistance. Members of the public are most welcome to visit us. The Napier Daily Telegraph had recently celebrated its diamond jubilee with an article describing Napier as "the Nice of the Pacific". On the tenth anniversary of the earthquake, the New Zealand Listener reported that Napier had risen from the ashes like a phoenix. Answer Save. The shock brought down … But unlike that city, Napier bounced back within two years of their disaster and was quickly rebuilt in the Art Deco-style popular at the time. The earthquake lifted up the Napier foreshore. Download 3.06 MB. Methodist Free Church (1960s Congregational) foreground and to the left the Carlyle Street School. Napier Before 1931 Earthquake. If someone could recommend me some websites that'd be really great and/or tell me what exactly I should write? Nana’s memory of what happened on 3 February, 1931, never faded. A view of Napier marine parade before the earthquake. Here are some links you may find useful: [1] There were 525 aftershocks recorded in the following two weeks, with 597 being recorded by the end of February. People from Napier to Dannevirkeran for their lives as previously damaged buildings cracked and fell". The thanks of Parliament were also conveyed to Commodore Blake before the ships sailed. It registered 7.8 on the Richter Scale, and cost 258 lives. Website by Mogul | Within minutes fires broke out in chemist shops in Hastings Street, Napier. On this calm Tuesday morning in Hawke's Bay, the region was rocked by a devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake that violently shook for three minutes. [14] Many buildings built during the 1930s and 1940s are heavily reinforced, although more recent research has developed other strengthening techniques. In the South Island most of the relative displacement between these plates is taken up along a single dextral (right lateral) strike-slip fault with a major reverse component, the Alpine Fault. The earthquake at Napier, also known as the Hawke's Bay Earthquake, took place on 03 February 1931 at about 10.45 am. who helped the most in the earthquake? Reply Delete. The Napier earthquake was caused by movement along a fault buried deep beneath the Hawke’s Bay region. what did not happen in the napier earthquake? There was no warning before the ground started to heave and roll in waves. & [AND] FORWAR[…] Relevance. The most noticeable land change was the uplifting of the Ahuriri Lagoon. Within minutes of the shock the Veronica had sent radio messages asking for help. ESTABLISHED 1905. As New Zealand comes to terms with the earthquake on Saturday which hit Canterbury and one of our four main cities, Christchurch, I can't help but reflect back on the "big one" that hit Napier, my home town, in 1931. Post: Hawke’s Bay Knowledge Bank (7.7 Mw). The 7.9 earthquake on February 3, 1931, killed 258 people in Hawke's Bay and flattened the business centre of Napier, a city of more than 18,000 people, 162 of whom perished. The HMS Veronicahad just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit. The main shock could be felt in much of New Zealand, with reliable reports coming in from as far south as Timaru, on the east coast of the South Island. The cruisers sailed at high speed overnight, arrived on 4 February and provided valuable assistance in all areas until their departure on 11 February. [11][12] When the commissioners were due to leave in May 1933, they were petitioned to stay, and Barton was invited to stand for the mayoralty, which he declined.[13]. In all, 597 earthquakes were recorded at Hastings during February 1931, and more than 900 by the end of December 1931. Share this item Post to Pinterest Post to Facebook Post to Twitter. Gasworks in the distance At the time, this second event was New Zealand's fourth strongest recorded earthquake. Hastings 4153, © 2018 - 2021 Hawke's Bay Digital Archives Trust | The couple got married later in the day, but outdoors. Te Ara: The Encycloped… Aftershocks continued to shake Hawke's Bay frequently until July 1931, where the average aftershock occurrence dropped to less than one daily. But it was a long time before life returned to normal. That earthquake caused portions of the shoreline near Cape Mendocino to rise as much as 3 feet. The tracks were twisted by the earthquake, and were never restored.[8]. All three on board were killed. Email: admin@knowledgebank.org.nz This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. The fire brigade almost had the first fire under control when the second broke out in a shop at the back of the Masonic Hotel. 1931 Earthquake At 10:47am on 3 February 1931, the hands of the clock on the band rotunda in Napier stopped turning. Napier is a New Zealand city with a seaport, located in Hawke's Bay on the eastern coast of the North Island. Roads were cracked, hills had slipped, and chimneys were down everywhere. [7] The most noticeable land change was the uplifting of some 40 km2 of sea-bed to become dry land. These cover not just the earthquake but the fires which came shortly afterwards, the aftershocks, the notable buildings destroyed, the lives lost, the rescue work and the rebuilding effortinvolved. On 13 February, Hawke's Bay was struck by a 7.3 Ms  aftershock. Munroe Street with row of trees At 10.47am on 3 February 1931, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Hawke’s Bay for almost three minutes. But Messrs Adams, Barnett and Hayes commenting on the rapid decline in the frequency of aftershocks in the Journal of Science & Technology stated, "The fresh outbreak on the 13th February, due to the severe shock on that date, may almost be regarded as a separate disturbance, although it probably arose from conditions produced by the original shock on the 3rd". In Napier 161 people died, in Hastings the toll was 93, while in Wairoa two people met their deaths. Dec 18, 2013 - Photographs from the MTG Hawke's Bay collection which illustrates Napier and Hastings' redevelopment from the great 1931 Earthquake. It was not possible to stand without support, and the violent motion caused stone and brick buildings to collapse into the streets causing death and injury to hundreds who were … Below is a list of all recorded aftershocks following the main event. Using this … When the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed. [4], New Zealand lies along the boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific Plates. It would take years. The earthquake prompted a thorough review of New Zealand building codes, which were found to be totally inadequate. People rushed into the streets in Dannevirke and Masterton. Phone: +64 6 833 5333 New Zealand's first commercial air disaster occurred six days after the quake, when a Dominion Airlines Desoutter monoplane crashed near Wairoa. The Veronica left Napier on Wednesday February 11th. The morning when the quake, cinemas around New Zealand 's first commercial air disaster occurred six days after earthquake! Continued for several days event was New Zealand building codes, which was lifted more than metres... Just tied up in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake – 161 in Napier stopped turning tell what! Fell '' that earthquake caused widespread devastation and left thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North until... Between the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific Plates Zealand Listener reported that `` the Nice the... Locked up in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake – 161 in Napier had risen from the ashes like phoenix. 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