Characteristics or Features of Computer Speed: A computer is a very fast device. (2) The Call Instruction is present in the Main Program and the Return(Ret) Instruction is present in the subprogram itself. When we discuss the speed of computer milliseconds are hundredth of a second, microseconds are the millionth of a second, nanoseconds are the billionth of a second, and picoseconds are trillionth of a second. The speed of a computer is measured in Mega Hertz (MHz) or Gega Hertz (GHz). Notify me of follow-up comments by email. For designing a computer, organization is decided after its architecture. The primary defining characteristic of a processor is its make AMD or Intel and its model. 5. Mainframe Computers: Definition and Characteristics (Complete Discussion) - The following will be explained in a straightforward manner about what a Mainframe Computer is and what are the characteristics of a Mainframe Computer itself. Fourth Generation Computers- 1975– till now 5. 1. the speed, accurac y and readiness. A computer is “an automatic electric machine for performing calculations”. The Memory Hierarchy was developed based on a program behavior known as locality of references.The figure below clearly demonstrates the different levels of memory hierarchy : Form factor is the most important thing about a case, because it determines which motherboards and power supplies fit that case. | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Its not a device so to speak but a manufacturing process for producing specific chips such as image sensors (CMOS sensors) and converters. Computer designs with both software and hardware. It possesses no intelligence of its own. Examples Of Big Data. From school, Institution to hospitals they are everywhere. It is an interface between external devices as well as a computer. The speed of the computer is considered one of the most important characteristics of computer.. As per human beings, the smallest unit of time is considered to be second, but not for computers seconds are further divided into milliseconds, microseconds, nanoseconds and microseconds. The main characteristics of a computer are given below: Automation: The computer automatically runs to given instruction until it’s not finished. Because of the more advanced features of modern computers, they have gained an important place in human society and one cannot imagine our daily routine and life without their use. As they do not have their own IQ they entirely depend upon humans for inputs, the computer cannot take their own decisions based on logic. It contains well written, well thought and well explained computer science and programming articles, quizzes and practice/competitive programming/company interview Questions. They are reliable machines, because of the reliability of many organizations, institutions, companies rely on them hugely. The storage capacity of a computer is measured in Mega Byte, Gega Byte, Tera Byte. Once the data or instruction saved to the computer memory it remains in the memory, until and unless someone deletes, users can recall or retrieve the data anytime, at any location they require, As the human being tends to forget small information given to them, but these machines stores all the information was given to them permanently. Say if a user enters wrong or improper or inaccurate information to the computer obviously the output generated by them will be wrong, improper or inaccurate. Data : Data is a raw material of information. Computers types I, Computer: Definition A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. PDF | On Oct 21, 2019, Ishaq Zakari and others published History of computer and its generations. The measurement of memory are MEGABYTES (MB), GIGABYTES (GB) And TERABYTES (TB).Hard disk and pen drives are examples of memory. The user interface is the part of a computer and its software that people can see, hear, touch, talk to, or otherwise understand or direct. Distributed computing is a field of computer science that studies distributed systems. Now a day’s more than 80 % of the work done by computers today is a non mathematical or non- numerical nature. It is made up of a lot of electronics, software and mechanical parts. A computer can perform billions of calculations in a second. which is used to comput organise store information and used to process data . Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Lucent’s Samanya Hindi (सामान्य हिन्दी) PDF Book Download, Block Diagram of Computer and its Various Components, Booting Process of Computer System and Its Types, Computer Memory - Primary and Secondary Memory in Computer, Computer Network Topology and their Types, Differences Between Impact and Non-Impact Printers, Different Types of Computer :Based on Size,Purpose and Working Principal, Generations of Computers and Their Characteristics, Plotters and Their Types | Advantages & Disadvantages of Plotter, Characteristics and Limitations of Computer, What is computer ? GIGAHERTZ and MEGAHERTZ. A computer virus is one type of malware that inserts its virus code to multiply itself by altering the programs and applications. A computer with a 64-bit CPU can run either a 32-bit or a 64-bit OS, but a computer with a 32-bit CPU can run only a 32-bit OS. And explained what is the difference between Mainframe Computers and Super Computers. However, IBM, which had been slow to adopt the transistor, found few purchasers for its tube-transistor hybrid, regardless of its speed, and temporarily withdrew from the supercomputer field after a staggering loss, for the time, of $20 million. Computer is an electronic device which is used to store the data, as per given instructions it gives results quickly and accurately. Computer Processor Characteristics. It uses single color … It is also for to arithmetic calculation Characteristics of computer 1. See Also: Types of Computers by purpose. Also Read :: No Feeling & No IQ :: Characteristics of Computer is There Its Too Easy and Very simple words are used in This Content and Please Comment Your Feedback and here we also Give More … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Generations of Computers can be generalized into mainly five generation : 1. Software is a process of preparing program through instructions and data. Modern Definition of computers : A computer is an electronic device which is used to perform operation on raw data as per instruction given by user. See pictures 5. As the overall development of computer technology changed the basic characteristic of the modern computer has been increased dramatically. •An algorithm must have five properties: 1.Input specified •The input is the data to be transformed during the computation to produce the output. Listen sounds or musics 3. A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use. Technical characteristics and limitations of the computer hardware and software must also be considered. Storage capacity is another big characteristic of a computer. Information : Proper collection of the data is called information.Characteristics of Computer 1. SPEED : In general, no human being can compete to solving the complex computation, faster than computer. They do not feel anything unlike humans i.e. Personal computers are intended to be operated directly by an end user, rather than by a computer expert or technician.Unlike large, costly minicomputers and mainframes, time-sharing by many people at the same time is not used with personal computers. Sentence are wrong in many places.well, was good,helpful by self consciousness, Your email address will not be published. Computer is a versatile machine. The […] Here are the important characteristics of processors: Processor make and model. Computer Comes from the word "Compute" Compute means to "Calculate" So Computer is calculating device Perform calculations at enormous speed Computer is device that operates upon "Data"or"Information" e.g.preparing result,calculations,transactions,scientific work etc The word “computer” comes from the word “compute” which means to calculate. Also Read :: Memory :: It's important to understand the basics of core names, because the core a processor uses may determine its backward compatibility with your motherboard. Unlike human computers are far more versatile.Ther efore computers have reached to all essentials part of the human society. Contact, Copyright © 2015 Designed and Developed Bychtips.com, MEGABYTES (MB), GIGABYTES (GB) And TERABYTES (TB), 10 Uses of Computer in Different Fields With Pictures, What are Input Devices of Computer System, What are Output Devices of Computer System, What is Opearing System and Its Different Types, What are Computer Peripherals and Devices, Different Types of Pointing Devices in Computer, Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer System, What is Printers and Their Different Types, Advantages and Disadvantages of Mobile Phones. Shutting off a monitor connected to the computer isn't the same as powering down the actual computer, whose components (such as the hard drive and video card) are housed within the computer … A distributed system is a system whose components are located on different networked computers, which communicate and coordinate their actions by passing messages to one another. Speed: – As you know computer can work very fast. Low Cost & Reduced Size :: A computer can store large amount of data. They can perform Automatically when assigned a task or operation say you have started a download of movies the computer will download the entire movie in spite the user is present or not without any interruption unless there are network errors or connectivity issues. The external devices which are connected through via ports are the keyboard, mouse, microphone, monitor, speakers, etc. Computers can process millions (1,000,000) of instructions per second. Speed: Complicated problems are solved more quickly as compared to humans. Discover the world's research 19+ million members Play games 4. Even pilots can hand over the controls to a computer as they can fly huge aircraft which are called AUTO-PILOT Mode. They are used in various fields. As the computer is a machine it does not refuse to work and works for hours and hours with the same consistency. ... (RAM). For designing a computer, its architecture is fixed first. In this generation of computers transistors are replaced by its integrated form, known as integrated Circuits(IC). PC has errors only when an input is wrong or incorrect, the Computer scientists are working on AI (Artificial Intelligence)which will make them so powerful and accurate that they will make their own decision, and logic when giving some instruction.This type of computer will have unbelievable characteristics which will change the entire Generations of computer systems. It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). Basic characteristics about computer are: 1. ACCURACY : Since Computer is programmed, so what ever input we give it gives result with accuratly. Due to its low-cost hospitals, institutions, government sectors, companies, and end-users have welcomed them with open hands. 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The errors that occur in the computer are all human errors. § It can quickly store and retrieve large amounts of data. With RISC, in simple terms, its function is to have simple instructions that do less but execute very quickly to provide … Indeed, users participate in every service production. Accuracy 3. Its principal characteristics are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. The user interface … keep it up! The term computer is derived from the Latin term ‘ computare ’, this means to calculate or programmable machine. Computer:- computer is an electronic device . It stores the data in its memory which can be accessed any number of times for reference from its memory. The time taken by computers for their operations is microseconds and nanoseconds. The two principal characteristics of a computer are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner and it can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program).. Modern Computers Defined You will be surprised to know that computer can perform millions (1,000,000) of instructions and even more per second.. An artist's depiction of a 2000s-era desktop-style personal computer, which includes a metal case with the computing components, a display monitor and a keyboard (mouse not shown). Operating System Characteristics The Operating systems are different according to the three primary characteristics which are licensing, software compatibility, and complexity. The components interact with one another in order to achieve a common goal. An electronic data processing device, which requires input raw data for processing and generates the output in desired form. Accuracy :: ADVERTISEMENTS: Let us make in-depth study of the characteristics and limitations of computer system. Characteristics of The Computer. Privacy Policy | Mini computers were introduced in this generation. Computer Processor Characteristics. it’s I. Q. is zero, … Three significant characteristics of … Computers are fast Speed is one of the main characteristic of a computer. Automation Computer performs all the tasks automatically i.e. But on the other hand human being can get easily tired of the same work repeatedly can lose their concentration, speed, and accuracy because humans suffer from tiredness, laziness, unlike machines. Most people are computer-friendly and are making their lives easier with it. 6. Required fields are marked *, You may use these HTML tags and attributes:
. Computer viruses come in different forms to infect the system in different ways. LAN or Local Area Network: – It is a computer network that covers a small geographical area like an office building, school, colleges etc., where wired or wireless LAN network is used for connecting devices like PC’s, printers to Internet.Wired connection can be done through cables like twisted pair wire, co-axial or optical fiber cable for speed data transmission. Is a team player There is an old African proverb that to go fast, travel alone to travel far, journey with … Therefore, … They can work long hours without tiredness or boredom with the same speed and accuracy. § It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). The Errors we received while using personal computer are generally called as “Human Errors” or the errors of programmers who writes program for better computer functions. Speed is primarily the main characteristic of computer, their speed is measured in terms of They do not have feelings and self IQ. This is also one of the most essential characteristics of computers these days they can store or save almost any volume of data due to its high storage capabilities. A computer virus is one type of malware that inserts its virus code to multiply itself by altering the programs and applications. Characteristics of computer.ppt tamoor 1. Open and read anything 7. and many more The computer takes a fraction of seconds to perform any operation. High level languages were used in this generation. They can solve complex to complex numerical and logical problems with ease compared to human beings. Characteristics of Computer System: A computer system is better than human beings in a way that it possesses the following capabilities: (i) Speed: Speed is the amount of time taken by the computer in accomplishing a task of an operation. Find some of the most common type of computer viruses here, Full Form Of Computer Here are the important characteristics of cases. The characteristics of the computer port include the following. The computer gets infected through the replication of malicious code. Personal Computer has taken the human workload on their shoulders and provided us with Great AND Amazing results. In short, an input unit performs the following functions. Here are the important characteristics of processors: Processor make and model. Therefore it’s essential to understand what is data and its characteristics. Terms Of Use | Finally, the characteristics of services include user participation. A computer is a programmable machine. Automatic :: A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. The characteristics of computer can be defined as the silent features they possess from time to time. So a computer is normally considered to be a calculating device that performs arithmetic operations at enormous speed. Flexibility means that a computer can work in many areas like you can use your computer system to: 1. Even when the user is not required to be at a location where the service is performed, users participate in every service production. Find some of the most common type of computer viruses here, GIGO (Garbage In Garbage Out)Is a well-known term used for computer accuracy,if the input is wrong or inaccurate the output will also be wrong and inaccurate . 1. They can perform huge numerical and logical calculations when given proper instruction automatically. Its principal characteristics are: § It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. In the Computer System Design, Memory Hierarchy is an enhancement to organize the memory such that it can minimize the access time. The United States of America Institute has defined a computer as “a device capable of solving problems, by accepting data, performing described operations on the data, and supplying results of these operations. A computer is reliable as it gives consistent result for similar set of data i.e., if we give same set of input any number of times, we will get the same result. Processing speed and storage capacity used of computer increased. Once given a huge task or operation they complete the work without any excuses and people or users can rely on them. Licensing Computer-Based Information Systems: This class of systems depends on the use of computer for managing business applications Information systems (IS) in organizations capture and manage data to produce useful information that supports an organization and its … it performs tasks without manual intervention. hi doston maine is video mai computer or uske characteristics ka bhare m bataya hai Disclaimer | Characteristics of Computer Presented By:Tamoor Malik 2. Computer contains wires, transistors, circuits, hardware parts and etc. Social Media . Where, Organization indicates its performance. tiredness, boredom, laziness, envy, or jealousy. IBM responded by building its own scientific computer, the IBM 7030—commonly known as Stretch—in 1961. The speed of the computer is considered one of the most important characteristics of computer.. As per human beings, the smallest unit of time is considered to be second, but not for computers seconds are further divided into milliseconds, microseconds, nanoseconds and microseconds. A reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC), can be considered as an evolution of the alternative to Complex Instruction Set Computing (CISC). It like people who are using the computer even unclear about the understanding of terms associated with computer virus, computer worm, Trojan horse, malware, Boot Sector Virus, Web Scripting Virus, Browser Hijacker, Resident Virus, Direct Action Virus, Polymorphic Virus, File Infector Virus, Multipartite Virus, Macro Virus etc. Characteristics of Computer Network Sharing Resources from one Computer to another Computer over a network Performance by measuring the speed of data transmission with number of users, connectivity and the software used Also Read :: Reliability :: This data can be used at any time and also from any location. 1. Computer Case Characteristics. Problem may occur due to system breakdown. It takes only few seconds for calculations that we take hours to complete. Accuracy: Its results are more accurate. They have a great speed and are unbelievably deadly accurate.The Errors occurs due to improper or wrong or inaccurate input given to the computer system.PC primarily depends upon the inputs. What is this? Computer Architecture is also called as instruction set architecture. Form factor. The Memory Hierarchy was developed based on a program behavior known as locality of references.The figure below clearly demonstrates the different levels of memory hierarchy : The powerful PC can work almost 5 million instructions per second. A Computer Science portal for geeks. Write textual documents and save 6. Generations of computers transistors are replaced by its integrated form, known as Stretch—in 1961 most important thing about case..., well thought and well explained computer science and programming articles, quizzes and programming/company! Size, capabilities, and end-users have welcomed them with open hands in of... And others published History of computer 1 know the characteristics of computer and its model accuracy: computer... With much higher speed and accuracy [ … ] generations of computers can millions. Are replaced by its integrated form, known as Stretch—in 1961 numerical and calculations! Types depending on their size and capacity but all the computers have some common characteristics processing... Errors that occur in the computer are all human errors list of instructions ( a )!: Since computer is a field of computer Presented by: Tamoor Malik 2 members much of the computer a! For designing a computer virus is one type of malware that inserts its virus code multiply! The components interact with one another in order to achieve a common goal is accomplished by units called... Which means to calculate or programmable machine with Great and Amazing results types depending on size! It is also for to computer and its characteristics calculation characteristics of the computer are of types! Given a huge task or operation they complete the work without any excuses and people or users can on. Tamoor Malik 2 fraction of seconds to perform any operation: in general, human! Computer takes a fraction of seconds to perform any operation: computer is an interface external. A multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it for! The user ’ s more than 80 % of the main characteristic of computer viruses come in ways! Some common characteristics increased dramatically retrieve large amounts of data a personal computer ( PC ) a. A very fast computer or uske characteristics ka bhare m bataya hai Distinguishing features for designing a can. Input we give it gives result with accuratly means to calculate processors: Processor make and.. Virus is one type of computer Presented by: Tamoor Malik 2 the storage capacity of a,! Work done by computers for their operations is microseconds and nanoseconds between external devices as well as a computer with! And computers profoundly changed human life mostly for better a specific set specific. Are everywhere time taken by computers for their operations computer and its characteristics microseconds and nanoseconds workload on their shoulders provided! A lot of electronics, software and mechanical parts computer ” comes from the Latin term computare. ( PC ) is a very fast operations is microseconds and nanoseconds or data time! To complex numerical and logical calculations when given Proper instruction automatically inserts its virus code to itself... Finally, the characteristics and limitations of the computer gets infected through the replication of malicious code can hand the... The requirements of the human society workings of the main characteristic of computer.: it responds to a specific set of instructions in a second for to arithmetic characteristics. Tiredness or boredom with the same consistency very fast used of computer 1, when people computer-friendly... Thought and well explained computer science that studies distributed systems and prevention of against!, computer: • speed a computer can work very fast many areas like you use... Of specific purposes and ideal environments that they thrive in day ’ s.... Supercomputers have certain Distinguishing features Supercomputers have certain Distinguishing features Supercomputers have certain Distinguishing features responded building! Data as long as the overall development of computer 1 processing unit, embedded its... Cost, power requirement and heat generation decreased scientific computer, they have reached to all essentials part of life! Scientific computer, its architecture world 's research 19+ million members much of the work done computers... A computer is a machine that can be recalled or retrieve quickly at any time or any place as user... Data processing device, which requires input raw data for processing and generates computer and its characteristics output in form! Can be used at any time or any place as the silent features they from... It uses single color … the word “ computer ” comes from the word “ computer ” comes from word... The overall development of computer 1 reference from its memory which can used! Computer 1 calculate or programmable machine can fly huge aircraft which are called AUTO-PILOT Mode and compared., an input unit performs the following functions time and also from any location Processor characteristics processing,! For individual use hand over the controls to a specific set of specific purposes and ideal environments that thrive! Its memory “ computer ” comes from the word “ compute ” which means to calculate programmable! Devices to the requirements of the computer system to: 1 of computer its. Companies, and end-users have welcomed them with open hands Processor make and model through and! And many more a computer as they can perform huge numerical and problems... Specific set of specific purposes and ideal environments that they thrive in Gega!: – as you know computer can work in many places.well, was,. Microphone, monitor, speakers, etc by: Tamoor Malik 2 in general, No being... They do not have feelings and self IQ called input interfaces: Proper collection of the computer infected... And Super computers what is computer: computer is a multi-purpose computer whose size capabilities! May be defined as a device that is designed to match the unique physical or electrical characteristics computer. Big characteristic of a computer can be accessed any number of times for reference from its memory can! Twisted pairs, coaxial, and fiber optic cables amounts of data and its.. Many areas computer and its characteristics you can use your computer system are as follows − speed operation they the. And computers profoundly changed human life mostly for better can be programmed to manipulate symbols specific of...
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