The extract and oil from sessilis help to reduce the body heat during summer season and helps to prevent headache. Acute hepatitis was induced by various chemicals such as carbon tetrachloride (31.25 μL/kg, i.p.) The administration of the extracts from Eugenia brasiliensis, Eugenia catharinae and Eugenia umbelliflora, but not Eugenia beaurepaireana and Eugenia uniflora, exerted a significant antidepressant-like effect, without altering locomotor activity. However, a recent study by Liu et al. USA: American Psy. Rectal temperature was noted in AIH model. Quart of water. Akvaryum hobisi çok karmaþýk noktalara gidebildiði gibi, çok basit de kalabilir. [60•] showed that incidences of unpredicted non-target attack decreased over time and this trend is thought to continue with scientific advancement. Table 15.1. Mice subjected to immobilization were considered as stressed mice and mice not subjected to immobilization were considered as unstressed mice. for identification of its constituents and evaluated for anxiolytic effects by employing the social interaction, hole-board, elevated plus maze and This is because climate-induced shifts in the synchrony of plant–insect interactions could affect insect distribution and abundance on invasive and native plants that may alter non-target effects in biocontrol. significantly reduced the immobility period of both unstressed and stressed mice significantly as compared to their respective controls. Mice subjected to immobilization were considered as stressed mice and mice not subjected to immobilization were considered as unstressed mice. At an estimated cost of almost $50 billion a year, the socioeconomic burden of major depressive disorder is enormous. AgNPs were synthesized from the silver nitrate through the reducing power of ascorbic acid present in A. sessilis leaves. It was also able to remove biological oxygen demand, suspended solids, phosphorous, nitrogen, and the heavy metal copper to the extent of 87%, 93%, 45%, and 43%, respectively. Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. The growth-inhibiting compound was obtained using silica gel column chromatography. The total Hg concentrations measured in water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica, Sinhala name – Kankun), Lasia root (Lasia spinosa, Sinhala name-Kohila) and Lotus root (Nelumbo nucifera, Sinhala name – Nelum) were 8.15, 9.3 and 14.95 μg/kg, d/w, respectively (Wickramaratne et al., 2016). Similarly, the IrVd-1 isolate from C. plumosa was successfully inoculated mechanically to plants of C. plumosa, but not to tomato cv. swim test, tail suspension test and open field test. The SEO significantly increased number of entries and time Salamci et al. The result of the structural elucidation confirmed that the active compounds responsible for the bioherbicidal activity were Fagomine, 4-piperidone, and 2-piperidinemethanol. [33] showed that essential oil obtained from T. chiliophylllum and T. aucheranum exhibited an inhibitory effect against seedling growth and seed germination of A. retroflexus. Avaram, Avaram Senna, Avari Panchaga Choornam, Kalpa Herbal Tea, Ranawara, Senna auriculata, Tanner's Cassia. and FLX (20 mg/kg, i.p.) The aquatic weed-based CW would bring significant environmental benefits (nutrient recovery, removal of excess biomass) and turns out to be an ecofriendly and profitable option for coupled wastewater treatment and bioenergy production. Yan Sun, ... Stephen R Keller, in Current Opinion in Insect Science, 2020. “Moneymaker”, chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum×morifolium) cv. For instance, Lu et al. Constructed wetlands are human-made systems that mimic the features of natural wetlands and exploit natural processes of plants and microorganisms to treat different water streams by the uptake and breakdown of the wastewater nutrients (Venkata Mohan et al., 2010a,b; Kumar et al., 2011). Alternanthera sessilis is an aquatic plant known by several common names, including Matikaduri (মাতিকাদুৰী) in Assamese, ponnanganni (in Tamil), ponnaganti aaku (in Telugu), honnagone (in Kannada), mukunuwenna (in Sinhala), sessile joyweed and dwarf copperleaf. Aciphyllene (66.415%), fenchyl alcohol (8.897%), The IrVd-1 isolate from I. herbstii was successfully inoculated mechanically to plants of cv. “White Delianne”, or potato (Solanum tuberosum) cv. treated unstressed mice in TST. This herb is specifically used in areas such as Sri Lanka and smaller asian countries as a vegetable in their diets. Both the higher doses elicited greater responses in both the models studied and were comparable to that achieved with the standard drug.Conclusions treated stressed mice in TST only. In conclusion, the present study suggested that The constructed wetland emerged as an alternative to the wastewater treatment plant, that removes pollutants from waste water by physical, chemical and biological approaches (Liu et al., 2009). A few studies reported non-target attack of intentionally released or actively redistributed weed biocontrol agents [60•] that resulted in direct negative effects on native plant species [61,62], or negative indirect effects [63]. The concentration was sprayed on sampled cabbage leaves infested with the four dangerous cabbage pests. Ethnopharmacological relevance: Stachys tibetica (Lamiaceae) is an important medicinal plant in the folk medicine of Ladakh, India and Tibet Title:Antidepressant Like Effects of Alternanthera sessilis and Clerodendrum infortunatum Leaves Extract in Immobility Models VOLUME: 4 ISSUE: 1 Author(s):Rajiv Gupta and Hemant K. Singh Affiliation:School of Pharmacy, Babu Banarasi Das National Institute of Technology & Management (BBD University), BBD Green City, Faizabad Road, Lucknow-227 105, Uttar Pradesh, India. This review article is about plants of this family in general and in particular about Amaranthaceae plants of our region. Fluoxetine (FLX) (20 mg/kg, i.p.) mg/kg) was used as a standard drug in FST, TST and HTPPH models and Desipramine (20 mg/kg) was used as a standard drug in AIH and RIH models. After one-week treatment, the chloroform extract (100 and 200 mg/kg/day, p.o.) of its pharmacological effects. Alternanthera Sessilis will help to reduce the conditions of the following disease like body heat, eye irritation, knee pain, white discharge, helps to recover from the loss of appetite, liver diseases. The findings indicate that A. sessilis has the potential to affect primary, secondary, and tertiary treatment of domestic sewage along with significant pathogen removal in a single process step when used in SHEFROL® bioreactors. Thus DZP (2 mg/kg, i.p.) In this respect, the idea of using this waste biomass for bioenergy production has been recently put forward (Wrobel et al., 2009). © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. (1991) , Gupta (2014) and the distribution table for a list of countries in … ... 219 Methanolic extract of leaves had antidepressant (tail suspension and forced swimming tests) activity in mice. At that time, I had just planted some of it and promised to report on how well it did. Verhoeven, ... Pedro Serra, in, Verhoeven, 2010; Virscek Marn and Mavric Plesko, 2012, Homemade Preparations of Natural Biopesticides and Applications, Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji PHD, ... Kingsley C. Patrick-Iwuanyanwu PHD, in, Natural Remedies for Pest, Disease and Weed Control, Critical review of mercury contamination in Sri Lankan fish and aquatic products, Ecology • Parasites/Parasitoids/Biological control, Aquatic weeds as the next generation feedstock for sustainable bioenergy production, Venkata Mohan et al., 2010a,b; Kumar et al., 2011. Head twitches were noted in HTPPH model. extract and their antimicrobial, antioxidant activities, Effects of Stachys tibetica essential oil in anxiety, Involvement of monoaminergic systems in the antidepressant-like effect of Eugenia brasiliensis Lam. Bacopa monniera extract was used as the standard drug while Scopolamine hydrobromide served as the amnestic agent.ResultsThe higher doses of both the extracts exhibited a more promising nootropic potential. Manpreet Kaur, ... S.K. This herb is specifically used in areas such as Sri Lanka and smaller asian countries as a vegetable in their diets. Materials and methods: Male swiss albino mice were used in the present study. light/dark arena tests in rats. Effective against varied soft-bodied arthropods, killing them to protect plants. The direct economic impact of IrVd-1 is assumed to be low because its host range seems limited, excluding the major pospiviroid crops tomato and potato, and because no symptoms have been reported for its known host plants. Group I received normal saline, group. Eugenia brasiliensis is used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, whereas Eugenia. Indian Council of M. Amaranthaceae family is one of the largest and most diverse in the plant kingdom. The present study was aimed at assessing the anti-depressant activity of the alcoholic extracts of the leaves of Alternanthera sessilis and Clerodendrum infortunatum. and fluxetamine (10 mg/kg/day, p.o.) In this research, leaves of C. infortunatum were subjected to pharmacognostic evaluation parameters such as macroscopy, quantitative microscopy, physicochemical studies, phytochemical screening. Verhoeven, ... Pedro Serra, in Viroids and Satellites, 2017. suspension and forced swim tests and the effects are comparable to that of standard drugs i.e., fluoxetine (20mg/kg) and imipramine (15mg/kg). significantly reduced the immobility period of both unstressed and stressed mice significantly as compared to their respective controls. Weed Research 50, … Side Effects & Safety When taken by mouth: There isn't enough reliable information to know if Cassia auriculata is safe or what the side effects might be. Passiflora foetida (Passifloraceae), popularly known as stinking passion flower, is an herbaceous climber that has been widely used in Mexican traditional medicine for the treatment of different central nervous system (CNS) disorders. The rhizomes were crushed and milled into a fine powder using an electric miller. The combine treatment of DZP (2 mg/kg, i.p.) II received standard drug, group III received 250 mg/kg, group IV 500 mg/kg and group V 750 mg/kg of CCO. All rights reserved. Maximal response was observed in the 200 mg/kg dose of Clerodendrum infortunatum methanolic extract, which closely approximated the results for the standard drug Brahmi. [29] also validate the effect of sorghum extract for the reduction of seedling growth and seed germination of Trianthema portulacastrum when tested at a very high concentration which ranges from 75% to 100% but stimulated shoot length of the weed when applied at a very low concentration of 25%. Pre-treatment of mice with ketanserin, haloperidol, SCH23390, sulpiride, prazosin and yohimbine prevented the reduction of immobility time induced by Eugenia brasiliensis. The present study was carried out with a view to lay down its pharmacognostic standards along with high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) studies in order to document/validate its therapeutic benefits. Evaluation of antidepressant activity was done by using 3 doses of CCO in 2 invivo models. Infections by PoLVd have only been reported for two plants of Portulaca, both of which were coinfected with alternanthera mosaic virus and showed mild chlorotic mottling and some leaf deformation. Aim of the study: Present study is aimed to characterize the essential oil of S. tibetica and its anxiolytic properties. [30] established the bioherbicidal potential of acetone extract obtained from 30-day-old lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) shoots. Inbred adult male Swiss Albino mice weighing 25-30g were used in the study. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The plant was effective when used indoors under artificial lighting, as well as outdoors. [28] performed an herbicidal assay with the aqueous extract of Wedelia chinensis. significantly reduced immobility time in forced swim test and tail suspension test (p<0.05). The result obtained showed that the aqueous extract possesses the ability to inhibit the seedling growth, reduce the seed germination which consequently led to yellowing of leaves, and reduced resistance to disease in weeds. before the immobilization of 2h significantly reduced the immobility period of stressed mice significantly as compared to the vehicle treated stressed mice in both TST and FST; whereas significantly as compared to the FLX (20 mg/kg, i.p.) Results: The present study showed that the immobilization stress of 2h significantly enhanced the immobility period of mice in both TST and FST. Much debate has focused on the relative merits of prescribing selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or venlafaxine. The extract (100,200 and 300mg/kg), administered intraperitoneally, was able to decrease the immobility time of mice dose‐dependently when subjected to both tail Effects of resource availability on tolerance of herbivory in the invasive Alternanthera philoxeroides and the native Alternanthera sessilis. Mildew and other fungal infections, Mix 2 teaspoons of neem oil and 1 teaspoon of mild liquid soap and shake thoroughly with 1 quart of water, and then spray on the affected plant foliage, Neem oil acts as a hormone disruptor and as an “antifeedant” for insects that feed on leaves and other plant parts. Randhawa et al. The methanolic extracts of Clerodendrum infortunatum afforded greater memory enhancing effects in comparison to Alternanthera sessilis extract, the higher dose evoking pronounced alteration behavior and better learning assessments. Although adherence to treatment is crucial to successful treatment of depression, only about 25% to 35% of patients will achieve remission after 6 to 8 weeks of treatment; another 15% to 20% may remain depressed for months or years. In the first set of experiments, the effects of hydroalcoholic extracts of Eugenia beaurepaireana, Eugenia brasiliensis, Eugenia catharinae, Eugenia umbelliflora and Eugenia uniflora and the antidepressant fluoxetine (positive control) administered acutely by p.o. Therefore, Alternanthera sessilis (A. To investigate the antidepressant-like effect of hydroalcoholic extracts of different plant species of genus Eugenia and to characterize the participation of the monoaminergic systems in the mechanism of action of the specie that afforded the most prominent antidepressant-like efficacy. Although the EU regulations state a lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) maximum level for leafy vegetables, they do not give any maximum limits for Hg. Understanding responses of invasive plants and their natural enemies to climate change is critical for future biocontrol of invasive plants. Although remission has been identified as the key goal of treatment, such treatment must be highly acceptable to patients, predictably effective, and carry minimal adverse effects. Nowadays, the situation is very different because the use of aquatic plants for human food occurs worldwide and is quite diversified. Capable of disrupting the life cycle of insects at all stages (adult, larvae, and egg). the natural resources with lesser side effects. Sarwar et al. Its pH was also determined (5.63). It grows easily in waste places of all areas of India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. 2018 Apr;33(2):190-195. doi: 10.1007/s12291-017-0666-1. In another study, Hg was analyzed in five seaweeds (Sargassum wightii, Ulva lactuca, Sargassum turbinaria, Kappaphycus alvarezii, and Gracilaria verrucosa) and the values were below the limit of detection (Jayasinghe et al., 2018a). However, the most recent study of the genera Alternanthera suggests that A. sessilis originated in South America and from here was introduced to the Old World (Sanchez del Pino et al., 2012). The total ash, water-soluble, and acid insoluble ash values of leaves were 9.95%, 2.15%, and 0.70%, respectively. Alternanthera Sessilis or the Dwarf Copperleaf is said to be the King of All Greens because of it's heavily compacted nutrients and the wide variety of medicinal properties. Maximal response was observed in the 200 mg/kg dose of Clerodendrum infortunatum methanolic extract, which closely approximated the results for the standard drug Brahmi. Duration of immobility was noted in FST and TST models. Names of Alternanthera Sessilis in various languages of the world are also given. In addition, the indirect economic impact also seems low because no specific phytosanitary requirements apply to this viroid. The hepatoprotective effects of the Taiwanese herb ‘Horngtyan‐wu’ (Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC.) Animals treated with 3 doses of CCO showed decrease in their immobility times in Forced Swim Test (FST) & Tail Suspension test (TST) which was significant when compared with control. Nevertheless, the available scientific information about this species is scarce and there are no reports related to its possible effect on the CNS. exerted the antidepressants like effect in the stressed mice. In recent, University), BBD Green City, Faizabad Road, Lucknow, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh and were authenticated from National, (leaves) 200 g was Soxhlet extracted for a 72 hour cycle, making only those movements as necess. List of various diseases cured by Alternanthera Sessilis. Thus this study verifies the claims of antidepressant activity of these plants in the tradional medicine. uniflora is used for the treatment of symptoms related to depression and mood disorders, and is used in Brazil by the Guarani Indians as a tonic stimulant. Effects of heterogeneity on the accumulation of mass and ramets and on competitive effect and response of A. philoxeroides differed between native species and interacted with effects of soil moisture.A. To ascertain the nootropic potential (memory enhancing effects) of the leaves of Alternanthera sessilis (Amaranthaceae) and Clerodendrum infortunatum (Verbenaceae) using rectangular maze and Y maze (interoceptive behavioral models)Methods Its potential towards the wound healing process is any human health risk regarding the consumption of aquatic plants Sri... The open-field test in mice of aquatic plants should not pose any human health risks to Sri consumers... 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